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Peru Assistance Overview, May 2022 – Peru

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THE CONTEXT

• The adverse socio-economic effects of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic continue to strain Peru’s health care and social service systems and exacerbate existing needs for health, protection and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) across the country, especially among disadvantaged populations. – income Peruvians, as well as migrants and refugees. COVID-19 restrictions have limited household purchasing power, which, together with reduced livelihoods, has exacerbated food insecurity and nutritional concerns among vulnerable households.

• The political and economic crisis in Venezuela continues to generate migration to neighboring countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, including Peru. Of the more than 6 million Venezuelans who have fled the country, about 1.3 million were residing in Peru, mainly in the regions of Callao and Lima, as of April 2022, according to the Regional Inter-Agency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela. Nearly 810,000 Venezuelans in Peru, or about 62 percent of all migrants and refugees in the country, need additional food, health care, livelihoods and shelter to meet their basic needs, according to the High – Office of the United Nations Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reports.

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• Peru’s location along the Pacific Ring of Fire, a nearly 25,000 mile geographical belt in the Pacific Ocean where tectonic movement leads to increased seismic activity, makes the country extremely vulnerable to disasters natural events, in particular earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. In November 2021, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake hit Peru’s northern Amazonas region, affecting around 2,800 people in 35 provinces, damaging or destroying buildings and infrastructure, and leaving over 600 people homeless. adequate, according to the UN. Additionally, in March 2022, heavy rains caused landslides in the La Libertad and Arequipa regions of Peru, affecting more than 1,000 people and damaging or destroying around 400 homes, according to the National Defense Institute. Civil Service from the Government of Peru (GoP).

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